Gender inequality at bars was not a 고소득알바 new problem at all In the beginning of American history, womens roles behind bars were a far cry from the competition of the all-female bartending scene that we are seeing today. Conventional wisdom and public perception has not caught up with the notion that women are working behind bars, with 60% of bartenders today being women. Women in front-of-house roles, particularly as bartenders, are a significant share of those who are leaving restaurants for opportunities that provide safer, more supportive work cultures, robust wages, skills training, and career progression. Because bars have traditionally hired men to be bartenders and women to be servers, women have had difficulty moving up the ranks.
Women in the restaurant industry are still typically restricted to specific positions, denied others, and pressured to appear in certain ways in order to advance or earn a decent salary. What is more, working environments such as those in hospitality often serve as fertile grounds for womens imbalances of power, making them more vulnerable to sexual harassment and retaliation. Because restaurants and the food service trade provide a number of entry-level positions, the hospitality industry has been a major employer of women in particular, historically. In recent years, this industry has seen many more women succeed, aiming to advance their careers and breaking through glass ceilings within hospitality.
Within the hospitality industry, bartending is an extremely popular field, one which is especially dominated by men, but several women have been getting their feet in the door over the years and making their mark on the field. Several women said they felt that their gender sometimes was a benefit, and employers were eager to include a woman in the bartending line-up. Many women I spoke to had wistful stories about how a bartenders “male” sexism played a role. When the government sent undercover investigators into the bars and hotels around, looking for the easy-living women, they found sufficient evidence ( Some seemed more old-fashioned than honourable, an investigator noted) to outlaw the solitary women entirely.
Unmarried women at bars were allowed to be kicked out for being drunk, even though they had nothing to drink. Other bars locked doors, or ordered staff members to ignore women customers. These owners dismissed feminists as troublemakers and zealots, and relied on a common-sense perception that respectable women had little interest in socially invading a mans realm.
Feminist attorney Annie R. Davidow correctly pointed out that her liquor control law was depriving the women-owned bars of a means to make ends meet, since, although they had a right to get the bars properly licensed, they had yet to employ the male bartenders to do the job, and stood idly by. In 1948, the Supreme Court issued a ruling banning women from working as bartenders, a decision which was not challenged by the restaurant industry until 1971. In 2007, came the landmark verdict by the Supreme Court of India, which not only struck down an archaic law of 1914 banning women from tending bars in the National Capital Region, but also stressed on the need for the state to ensure safety for women who chose to work at bars.
Most state bars and policies that targeted married women in labor were abolished by about 1940 because of a lack of mens labour when men went off to war. Marriage bars were designed to not only preserve jobs for men, but also ensure that unmarried women with no families to support were kept in lower-paying, less-prestigious jobs. The notion of married, middle-class, white women working did not truly gain social acceptance until the 1940s, with the opening up of large numbers of necessary war jobs for women in 1940.
From 1900 through 1940, women had grown up as 2 percent of the sex worker force, then WWII opened up the sex-work doors wide. Single women were more likely to be in white-collar jobs and teachers, and by the 1930s, these two jobs had become considered to be the “” jobs for women. Women were passed over for jobs in favor of men with much less experience. Many women I spoke with described the men who gave them their first breaks or trained them behind bars–mentors, supervisors, allies, and barista colleagues–as best friends and brothers.
While the Hotel and Restaurant Employees and Bartenders International Union (HREBI) has almost always maintained that bartending is (is) a male-only gendered profession, and issued restrictions on women serving alcohol as far back as 1933, the union has amplified its discrimination with a vengeance. Like so many other hotel bars and restaurants, The Plaza barred women from lunch hours on the workday, noon to 3 pm, to avoid diverting businessmen from making deals. When legislation caused women to lose their jobs in the bar, some were allowed to revert to previous jobs as cocktail servers–waitressing unions did not fight for the rights of bartenders, since they were too busy with the work to support the rights of women simply as servers at bars.
Women were underrepresented in the highest-paid, highest-prestige bartending jobs. Women bartenders are actually safer than the majority of women sitting at the bar or club, as their bar-tops are separated from customers, management, and security staff who are in the establishment. A female bartender is in a position to manipulate customer preferences accordingly, and may thus have more focus on increasing sales at bars.
If the women are working at bars which raises a direct issue about their characters, moreover, customers will make it look like they are the eye candy. If men are hiring women to be bartenders, they are expecting them to be dressed femininely, or wear heels at work, even though standing around doing this 9-10 hours per day is uncomfortable.